Ethiopian researchers discover new drug to prevent coffee disease – Xinhua
A coffee farmer picks coffee beans at a coffee farm in Gomma of Oromia, Ethiopia, September 22, 2021. Ethiopia, known as the origin of Arabica coffee, is recognized worldwide for the richness of the quality and flavor of its coffee, which ranges from vinous to fruity and chocolaty, making the country’s coffee varieties in demand around the world. (Photo by Michael Tewelde/Xinhua)
Ethiopian researchers have announced the discovery of a new drug to prevent fungal diseases that cause coffee plants to dry out.
ADDIS ABABA, July 22 (Xinhua) — Ethiopian researchers have announced the discovery of a new drug to prevent fungal diseases that cause coffee plants to dry out.
Researchers at Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa discovered the drug using another plant fungus, the Ethiopian News Agency (ENA) reported.
“The drug will replace Trichoderma which Ethiopia imports to prevent fungal pathogens from spreading and infecting coffee and other plants,” said Tesfaye Alemu, senior researcher and instructor at the university.
According to the researcher, the newly discovered drug would also help prevent other plant diseases, and it can be applied without using any chemicals.
Alemu expressed optimism that the discovery will help the East African country save foreign currency and increase the quality and quantity of coffee production. He said the new drug will be distributed shortly after a series of explanations have been given to coffee growers on its application.
The new drug primarily helps prevent coffee wilt disease (CWD), which blocks the movement of water up the plant and causes the stem and leaves to dry out.
A coffee farmer picks coffee beans at a coffee farm in Gomma of Oromia, Ethiopia, Sept. 22, 2021. (Photo by Michael Tewelde/Xinhua)
Information obtained from the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea Authority revealed that coffee berry disease (CBD), CWD and coffee leaf rust (CLR) are the three major fungal diseases of Arabica coffee, reducing coffee production and consumption in the country.
Ethiopia, known as the origin of Arabica coffee, is recognized worldwide for the rich quality and flavor of its coffee, which ranges from wine to fruity and chocolate, which makes coffee varieties from the country to the demand worldwide.
The East African country exported 300,000 metric tons of coffee during Ethiopia’s 2021/22 fiscal year which just ended on July 7, ultimately generating $1.4 billion in revenue, according to the Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture. ■