Ethiopians Discover New Drug to Prevent Coffee Sickness | New
Researchers at Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa discovered the drug using another plant fungus.
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“The drug will replace Trichoderma which Ethiopia is importing to prevent fungal pathogens from spreading and infecting coffee and other plants,” lead researcher Tesfaye Alemu said, adding that the newly discovered drug would also help prevent other plant diseases, and that it can be applied without the use of any chemicals.
Alemu expressed optimism that the discovery will help the East African country save foreign currency and increase the quality and quantity of coffee production. He said the new drug will be distributed shortly after a series of explanations have been given to coffee growers on its application.
The new drug primarily helps prevent coffee wilt disease (CWD), which blocks the movement of water up the plant and causes the stem and leaves to dry out.
Information obtained from the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea Authority revealed that coffee berry disease (CBD), CWD and coffee leaf rust (CLR) are the three major fungal diseases of Arabica coffee, reducing coffee production and consumption in the country.
Ethiopia, known as the origin of Arabica coffee, is recognized worldwide for the rich quality and flavor of its coffee, which ranges from winey to fruity and chocolate, making coffee varieties from the country to the demand worldwide.
The East African country exported 300,000 metric tons of coffee during Ethiopia’s 2021/22 fiscal year which just ended on July 7, ultimately generating $1.4 billion in revenue, according to the Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture.